Thutmose III

Thutmose III the son of Thutmose II. When Thutmose II was died in 1504 BC, his heir, Thutmose III, was still a child, and so queen Hatshepsut governeded as a regent. With in a year, she had herself crowned pharaoh, and then mother and son ruled jointly.

When Thutmose III achieved sole rule upon Hatshepsut's death in 1483 BC,he reconquered Syria and Palestine, which had broken away under joint rule, and then continued to expand his empire. His annals in the temple at Kamak chronicle many of his campaigns. Nearly 20 years after Hatshepsut's death, he ordered the obliteration of her name and images.

Thutmose III became pharaoh. However, Hatshepsut was appointed regent because of the boy's young age. A regent is someone who rules for a monarch if they are too young to rule. Hatshepsut and Thutmose III ruled jointly until Hatshepsut declared herself to be pharaoh.

Dressed in men’s attire, Hatshepsut administered the affairs of the nation. Hatshepsut disappeared shortly after Thutmose III led a revolt to reclaim the throne. King Thutmose then destroyed Hatshepsut’s shrines and statues.

Thutmose III was a great warrior pharaoh who spent much of his reign restoring Egyptian power in Syria and Palestine. He was found in Cache. Amenhotep II ruled in the 18th dynasty. He was son of Thutmose IV. He died at the age 45 by a systemic disease. He was found in the Valley of Kings.

Art and architecture however were part of the story. In religion, important developments took place during Thutmose’s co rule with queen Hatshepsut. Later, during his sole rule, religious developments on the one hand reinforced and displayed the divine aspects of kingship even more ostentatiously than before, yet on the other hand they articulated the nature of Amun-Re, the imperial god, who came to be seen as a deity intervening directly in history and even in the lives of individual Egyptians.

Thus, some scholars believe a tension began to set in between royal pretensions and Amun-Re’s evolving personality and cult that was to lead to the innovative but destructive changes initiated by king Akhenaten, the monotheist ruler who was the great-

Literature and historical writing also flourished under Thutmose III. His Annals, set up within the sanctuary of Amun-Re at Karnak itself, are among the most extended of historical narratives to survive from ancient Egypt. They include a particularly elaborate description of the campaign that culminated in the Battle of Megiddo, a text that has fascinated both scholars and military men in recent times. Thutmose’s reign was also characterized by complex religious hymns.

This long, richly documented reign and the pharaoh who was central to it have never been the subject of an extensive monographic treatment in English. Moreover, recent studies of Thutmose III in German and French lack the depth and scope that is intended for the work presented here.

Initiated by Dr. Benedict Davies, and then seen through development by coeditors Professors Eric Cline and David O’Connor, the book consists of essays on virtually every aspect of the reign of Thutmose III written by experts on each topic. This extensive treatment of a pivotal figure in the ancient Mediterranean world during the Late Bronze Age will provide a uniquely comprehensive view of one of Egypt’s greatest pharaohs and will be of interest to a wide audience—specialists in Egypt and the Near East, graduate and undergraduate students, and the wider public as a whole.



Cartouche of Thutmose III


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Thutmose III