13.1.10

Mummy of Thutmose III

Mummy of Thutmose III was discovered in the Deir ElBahri Cache above the Mortuary Temple of Queen Hatshepsut in 1881. He was entombed along with those of other 18th and 19th dynasty great leaders Ahmose I, Amenhotep I, Tuthmose I, Tuthmose II, Ramses I, Seti I, Ramses II, and Ramses IX, also as the 21st dynasty pharaohs Pinedjem I, Pinedjem II, and Siamun.

While it is popularly believed that his mummy was originally revealed by Gaston Maspero in 1886, it was in fact first unwrapped by Emile Brugsch, one of the Egyptologists who overseen the evacuation of the mummies from the Deir ElBahri Cache five years previously in 1881, shortly after its arrival in the Boulak Museum. This was complete while Maspero was away in France, and the Director General of the Egyptian Antiquities Service said the mummy re-wrapped. So when it was officially unwrapped by Maspero in 1886, he almost certainly knew it was in comparatively poor status.

It had been extensively broken in antiquity by tomb robbers, and its wrappings afterward delved and torn by the Rassul family who had originally rediscovered the tomb and its subjects only a few years earlier. Maspero's description of the body renders an idea as to the magnitude of the damage done to the body:

Maspero was so discouraged at the state of the mummy, and the view that all of the other mummies were likewise damaged (as it risen, few were in as poor a state), that he would not unwrap another for several years.

Dissimilar many other examples from the Deir ElBahri Cache, the wooden mummiform coffin that dominated the body was original to the Pharaoh, though any engilding or decoration it might have had had been hacked off in antiquity.

In his scrutiny of the mummy, the anatomist G. Elliot Smith stated the height of Thutmose III's mummy to be 1.615m (5ft. 3.58in.). This has led people to think that Thutmose was a short man, but Smith intentional the height of a body whose feet were absent, so he was undoubtedly taller than the figure given by Smith. The mummy of Thutmose III now domiciliate in the Royal Mummies Hall of the Cairo Museum, catalogue under number (61068).

Other Posts:

- Thutmose III Temples
- Tomb of Thutmose III (KV34)
- Thutmose III Wives and Children
- Thutmose III Facts
- The Battle of Megiddo
- Thutmose III Accomplishments