KV43, The tomb of Tuthmosis IV

Howard Carter brought in the first modern becharm into the tomb of pharaoh Tuthmosis IV "KV43" on January 18th, 1903. This wasn't an accidental discovery by Howard Carter, for he had been anticipating this specific tomb. On Feb 3rd, it was formally open. Similar with all the tombs of the valley of the kings, it had been despoiled on antiquity, but there were alley some amount of details left.

The tomb is of form one style, the earliest tomb in the valley of the kings, with its L-shaped construction. It accompanies the general style of KV35 of king Amenhotep II in design, size and complexness, also as its placement below a storm-fed waterfall. Of the entrance we ascertain a stairway ahead to the first corridor, another stairway ahead to a 2d stairway, which successively leads directly to the rite shaft. At the bottom of the rite shaft is additional exclusive chamber. The rite shaft opens forthwith into a 2 pillared hall. Of the 2 pillared hall, the tomb acquires a 90 degree left disdain additional set of stairs to a 3rd corridor, which leads to a final stairway and so an antechamber. The antechamber acquires another ninety degree turn into the burial chamber, which has 6 pillars and 4 annexes, 2 on either side. Between the last 2 pillars of this chamber is a belittled stairway that conduces to the crypt.

This tomb dissents from KV35 in many abides by, including the crypt area, the alignment of the storage rooms. Importantly, we find the first occurrences of the magical niches built up into the walls which are to be discovered in all succeeding tombs till the time of Ramesses II.

Interestingly, although the tomb was cautiously cut, the decorative plan of the tomb is almost missing. Only the ritual shaft and the antechamber are particolored, and these decorations seem to be in haste done. Both areas have cap with yellow stars on a blue-black background, and khekher-friezes appear at the top of the decorated surrounds, which are painted a golden yellow. Also, in both of these locations, the king appears before assorted deities, and in each position these scenes are almost incisively as is, with the only material conflict being the clothing of the divinities.

The Hieratic text discovered on the south surround of the antechamber was not produced by Tuthmosis, but rather by Horemheb. It mentions to the robbery on antiquity of this tomb, and Horemheb's attempts to restore the damage made necessity by the illicit debut. Therefore, Tuthmosis IV's mummy wasn't found in this tomb but would afterward be attained to be one of those discovered in the tomb of Amenophis II.

Although Tothmosis IV's mummy wasn't found in his tomb, there were three accessory burials discovered, presumably issues of the king. Almost all of the funerary equipment that was discovered was fragmentary, but belonged of the following:

* From foundation depositions:

- Implements. - Pebbles and plaques. - Model vessels.

Previous posts:

Kamose (1573–1570)
Ahhotep I (1560- 1530 BCE)
The Second Intermediate Period (1782–1570)
Ahmose I (1570–1546 BC)
The Thirteenth Dynasty
Pharaohs Dynasties or Egyptian Dynasties
The Fourteenth Dynasty
The Sixth Dynasty (feudalism age)

KV55 (the tomb of Akhenaten)

This tomb (KV55) is a tomb in the Valley of the kings in Upper Egypt. In 1907 the tomb was discovered by Edward R. Ayrton while he was working in the Valley of the kings for Theodore M. Davis. It's long been chewed over, as well as much-disputed, that the body ascertained in this tomb was that of the famed "heretic pharaoh, Akhenaten". The ensues of genetic and other scientific essays published in February 2010 have affirmed that the individual entombed there was both the son of king Amenhotep III (also as the father of king Tutankhamun), and likewise that his age at the time of his decease was in fact logical with that of Akhenaten's; it's therefore about certain that it's so Akhenaten's dead body.

Both the tomb's history and the designation of its single resident have been debatable. It is accepted to be a royal cache and reburying dating from the late 18th dynasty, prepared after the abandonment of Amarna and the dismantling of the royal necropolis there. The mummy found in the tomb has been described by DNA examining as the biological father of Tutankhamun, affirmed by inscription certify to be Akhenaten. On the base of the convalesced artifacts, it's also indicated that the burial once arrested more than a single resident, either entombed on one occasion or over a period of time. Queen Tiye is most frequently named in this circumstance.

It's as well clear that the tomb was re-entered at a later time, almost for certain during the 20th dynasty. At this time, any extra, hypothetical occupiers of the tomb would have been absented and maybe relocated to KV35, while the continuing mummy and some of the other artifacts were desecrated and desolated.

The tomb is frequently referred to as the Amarna hoard, given the amalgamated nature of its contents.

Some contents of the tomb:

- A gold pectoral.
- Canopic jars from kv55.
- An inlay from which a cartouche has been abstracted, most believably the name of king Akhenaten.
- Gold foil accounted to have the cartouche of "Smenkhkare".

Previous Posts:

Leopared Head in Tutankhamun tomb.
Howard Carter.
Tutankhamun tomb (KV62).