28.11.10

KV2, The tomb of Ramesses IV

KV2 or The tomb of Ramesses IV Heqamaatre, is deposited in a big modern courtyard close the becharm to the Valley of the Kings and has been open as antiquity. Coptic graffiti evokes that it was reprocessed as a Christian church or abode on the fifth century AD. An ancient design of the tomb absorbed on papyrus is right away in the Turin Egyptian Museum and it's apparent of this that the original design was for a bigger tomb which was believably amended at the decease of the king. The consequences of this abbreviation were that there's no traditional pillared hall ahead the burial chamber.

Plan of KV2

The tomb's architecture is fairly distinctive of royal Ramesside style with a stairs and ramp coming to the main entrance portal site. On the outer header to the first corridor is the associate disc arresting a scarab and ram-headed god Amun, flanked from Isis and Nephthys, with a alike depiction on the southerly wall of the first lightly sloping corridor. On the antonym wall are texts of the ‘Litany of Ra’. The pharaoh’s names look between the first and 2nd corridors, as well as on the cap which is painted with flew scarabs and marauders.

KV2

The 2nd corridor brilliantly exemplifies many scenes with daemons or underworld spirits of the ‘Litany of Ra’ on it’s cream-coloured surrounds. The ceiling as well shows the equal text.

The names of the king and a winged disc look in the entrance to the 3rd corridor and the walls display, for the fist time, aspects (of the first and second part) from the ‘Book of Caverns’. There are 2 niches at the far closing of the surrounds. The star-painted ceiling of the 3rd corridor is domed and also exposes the king’s cartouches.

A lot of steeply aslant ramp leads to an antechamber "well-room" before the burying chamber. The outer header of the antechamber is adorned with flew uraei and a flew disc and the walls of the chamber describe passages of (the Book of the Dead) (on the left hand) and the ‘Negative Confession’ (on the right hand).

The sarcophagus chamber was believably originally designated to be a pillared hall which would have anteceded the real burial chamber. Since the plan was abridged, no pillars were abbreviate and a sarcophagus "pit" was buried into the floor. The monolithic red granite outer sarcophagus which was discovered in the tomb, was barged in antiquity, but has been bushelled and can be ascertained in the burial chamber. The surrounds walls of the burial chamber exemplify the first four partitions of the ‘Book of Gates’ and choices of texts from the (Amduat). The vaulted ceiling exposes astronomical aspects from the (Books of the Heavens) which puts back the further traditional texts of earliest tombs. On the southerly half, the sky-goddess Nut is abided by Shu, deity of the air and alight, with a broadcast of the decans at the side. Nut as well stretches concluded the northern face of the ceiling with other astronomics bods.

A additional corridor on the far side the burial chamber has the initial texts of the (Book of Caverns) on its surrounds walls, but this is artlessly painted. This chamber affords into three extensions. The surrounds walls in the rooms in the south and north have mummiform characterisations of the king, maybe illustrating his ushabtis, whilst the room at the close of the corridor show additional funerary objects (couch, bureaux and canopic jars).

The consistence of Ramesses IV was discovered among those royal mummies in tomb KV35.

The tomb of Ramesses IV is presently open to visitors. Tickets for the Valley of the Kings cost EGP eighty for 3 tombs and can be frequented the gate.

Related Posts:

Where was Khufu Buried
The Valley of the Kings, Tombs List
KV1, The tomb of Ramesses VII