Grand Gilded Sphinx Statue Atop a Egyptian Plinth
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KV15 (The Tomb of Seti II)

KV15 (The Tomb of Seti II), placed in the East Valley, was the burial lay of the nineteenth dynasty pharaoh Seti II and was first researched by Howard Carter in 1902 and 1903. The tomb has been assailable since antiquity, over 60 Greek and other graffiti discovered on the walls of the tomb attest that it rested open end-to-end the later Graeco-Roman era.

KV15 - Entrance:

The entrance of KV15 is cut straight into the vertical cliff side at the head of a branch wadi.

From the brusk entrance 3 long corridors lead to the Hall of awaiting, which is minus its good shaft. The Hall of awaiting opens onto the 4 pillared Chariot Hall which has a central ancestry ahead directly to the burial chamber, which was adjusted from an bare corridor.

The decoration of the tomb seems to have been accomplished in a rush, probably ascribable the kings death. The 1st corridor and the Chariot Hall are decorated in dipped and raised alleviation, but the decoration in the remainder of the tomb is knocked off paint lonely; in the second and 3rd corridors, only overture sketches were painted on a greyish brown plaster aerofoil.

Across the entrance to the 1st corridor is a sun disk with a scarabaeus and a ram headed god, bordered by the kneeling anatomies of the goddesses Isis and Nephthys. Ciphered on the jambs of the threshold are the names of Seti II with an image of Ma'at, also shown kneel. On the left wall of the first corridor are images of Seti II making offers to Re-Horakhty and Nefertem while the right wall appearances scenes of Sokar and Seti II bringing in offerings to Re-Horakhty. The remnant of the corridor shows aspects from the Litany of Re, while the ceiling is painted with flew vultures (below right).

The 2d corridor, whose decoration belongs of overture sketches, exposes further scenes of Seti II on dieties and sections from the Litany of Re. Additionally there are scenes from the Amduat which continue in the 3rd corridor. The Hall of awaiting isn't decorated with the usual scenes of the king with dieties, but instead the intact chamber bears agencies of funerary objects, including figurines of gods and pharaohs.

The Chariot Hall is adorned with scenes of the Book of Gates. On the back wall is a double aspect of King Seti II offering an picture of Ma'at and 2 vases to Osiris. The belittled burial chamber is adorned with the Book of Gates and additional scenes of the king on dieties.

Fragmentises of his red granite sarcophagus chapeau were present inside this tomb, merely no trace of the existent box was ever discovered. These fragments have been bushelled and reassembled to give an depression of the original show of the sarcophagus. The top of the lid is lacking, along with the face of the king. Even so, the head of the goddess Nut is today in the Egyptian accumulation in Paris at the Louvre museum.

The story of KV15 isn't known in full. There is definite attest of the erasure of Seti II's names accompanied by their recarving, and these cuts may have occurred either during the encroachment of Amenmesses (most expected) or on the reign of Siptah and after restored by Twosert.

It's conceivable that the body of the king was at first interred in KV14 with his married woman, Twosert, then reburied by Setnakhte in the deserted KV15, which was then quickly completed. Whether this was so, or the king was at first buried in his own bare tomb, the body was later absented and localized in a coffin in the KV35 lay away.

Recent Posts:

- KV4 (Tomb of Ramesses XI)
- KV9 (Tomb of Ramesses V and Ramesses VI)
- KV10 (The tomb of Amenmesse)
- KV20 (The Tomb of Tuthmosis I and Hatshepsut)

KV32 (The Tomb of Tia'a)

Introduction:

Tia'a was the wife of King Amenhotep II and mother of King Thutmose IV. kV32 or the Tomb of Tia'a was constructed on the base of a sheer drop, got at by a stairs and consists of corridors and chambers. The tomb was bare and never decorated.

Victor Loret (1859 - 1946) the French archaeologist was the chief of the Egyptian Antiquities Service. Loret started working on the royal and individual tombs in the Valley of the Kings about 1881. He as well discovered the tombs of pharaoh Thutmosis III and pharaoh Amenhotep II.

The Valley of the Kings is a burial site. The burial site or A necropolis is defined as a big cemetery or burial lay near the locate of a centre of an ancient civilization. The Valley of the Kings wherever the The Tomb of Tia'a was discovered, is located close the Ancient Egyptian city of Thebes <>. On that point about 63 tombs which have been ascertained in the Valley of the Kings consisting to the Pharaohs and chairing dignitaries. A lot of the tombs were attained by the Egyptian tomb robbers of antiquity but on the nineteenth and twentieth centuries renewed concern in Egyptology led European Egyptologists, such Victor Loret, to make additional excavations in the Valley of the Kings, desiring to find unexplored tombs, accomplished with fab treasures.

KV32 plan

The entrance to KV32

Each part on the subject of Egyptian Tombs accosts all issues and provides concerning facts and information about the Golden long time of Pharaohs and of Egypt. The Sitemap supplies full details of totally of the information and facts supplied about the absorbing subject of the The Tomb of Tia'a ascertained by Victor Loret.

Recent Posts:

- KV20 (The Tomb of Tuthmosis I and Hatshepsut)
- KV15 (The Tomb of Seti II)
- KV16 (The Tomb of Ramesses I)
- KV18 (The Tomb of Ramesses X)

KV18 (The Tomb of Ramesses X)

KV18 (The Tomb of Ramesses X) placed in the East Valley, was the burial lay of the 20th dynasty pharaoh Ramesses X. The tomb has been afford in part since antiquity. Howard Carter dug up an area close to the entrance in 1902, but brief is known of the tomb as a lot of it even remains uncleared.

The tomb entrance:

KV18 entrance was unfinished and very fiddling decoration remains. Just the first 2 corridors have as yet been cleared. At the entrance there was a parted stairs, while only some steps remain. Hither, on the breaks and thickness of the doorpost are the remains of the pharaoh's name. The first corridor, which was in full cut and decorated chairs into a 2nd corridor. There's a decrease into this second corridor, that was never totally cut. There remains existent rough steps ahead up to the deserted workface. The ceiling here has broke down, but a couple of big rectangular adjourn were butt in each wall close the ceiling.

KV18 Plan

The entrance to KV18

Fiddling decoration stays in the tomb. Due to water flooding, the Ramessid entrance motive absorbed by Champollion's artist Karl Richard Lepsius is baffled to us; only a assign of the left hand face of the design remains obvious.

Primitively the scene described the king, collectively with Isis and Nephthys, kneeling on either face of the sun disc with scarab and ram-headed deity.

Recent Posts:

- KV10 (The tomb of Amenmesse)
- KV20 (The Tomb of Tuthmosis I and Hatshepsut)
- KV15 (The Tomb of Seti II)
- KV16 (The Tomb of Ramesses I)

KV16 (The Tomb of Ramesses I)

KV16 (The Tomb of Ramesses I), placed in the East Valley, was the burial localize of the founder of the nineteenth dynasty, pharaoh Ramesses I. It was first researched by Giovanni Belzoni in 1817. The tomb entrance was blotted out sometime on the twenty-first dynasty, because the absence of any Greek or Latin graffiti certifies.

KV16 - The Burial chamber of Pharaoh Ramesses I flanked by figures acting Nekhen and PeTomb KV16 is among the smallest royal tombs in the Valley of the Kings, its building being break short by the death of the older king.

KV16 Plan

KV16 (The Entrance)

Of the stepped entrance, a exclusive, short corridor leads to a 2nd stairway. This second staircase opens at once onto the burial chamber, which has two face chambers and a niche in the back wall. In the center of the burial chamber is the kings big, red granite sarcophagus. Alike the rest of the tomb, the sarcophagus is bare, its decoration hastily painted on, instead of being carved. The sarcophagus has affirmed damage to its eyelid and the upper abut of the box, maybe caused when the tomb was robbed once on the twentieth dynasty.

The medallion of the tomb, though painted, bears a accented resemblance to the style determined in the tomb of Horemheb (KV57). Presumptively many of the artists acted in both tombs. The scenes are related the Book of Gates, and totally have blue backgrounds. Higher up the Osiris niche in the back wall, there is a delineation of Ramesses I in a ceremony of exultation, flanked by the falcon-headed "soul of Pe" and the jackal-headed "soul of Nekhen", the traditional areas of upper Egypt.

With the rear wall Ramesses I is chaired into the bearing of Osiris by Horus. The burial chamber and left face chamber are the lone rooms in the tomb that are adorned.

The mummy was finally hived up in DB320 in the 10th regnal year of Saamen after antecedently being covered in KV17 (The tomb of Seti I aka Belzoni's tomb).

The rock in the tomb is broke and has suffered flood harm. Rain water acceded the tomb by joints and faults in the aerofoil limestone. The Supreme Council of ancientnesses or Antiquities has installed ceiling abides in the burial chamber approximately the sarcophagus to forbid further harm.

Recent Posts:

- KV17, The Tomb Of Seti I
- KV57, The Tomb Of Horemheb
- KV4 (Tomb of Ramesses XI)
- KV15 (The Tomb of Seti II)

KV20 (The Tomb of Tuthmosis I and Hatshepsut)

KV20 (The Tomb of Tuthmosis I and Hatshepsut): A generally undecorated tomb constructed by the pharaoh Hatshepsut in the Valley of the Kings at point instantly behind her telling temple at Deir el Bahri. It's thought that the utmost length of the tomb was to enable her body would then lie in underneath her temple - even so the curve in the tomb appearances how the tomb constructors came over unsuitable rock and then the tomb had to bend from its designated route.

As the sarcophagus chamber was absolved by Howard Carter in 1920, he discovered 2 sarcophagi - one consisting to Hatshepsut and one which consisted to her father Tuthmosis I, both discharge.

The only ornament of the tomb was in the burial chamber, 15 limestone blocks which were autographed with texts of the Amduat.

Hatshepsut was entombed in a quartzite sarcophagus, this was in reality her 2nd sarcophagus - on exalting herself king Hatshepsut adjudicated not to use her archetype sarcophagus which was brought her while she was allay queen. Her archetype sarcophagus was re-carved for the entombment of her father Tuthmosis I.

KV20, plan and entrance

Tuthmosis I was as well buried inside KV20 on the death of Hatshepsut, but not for farseeing - Tuthmosis III was to displace his mummy into KV38 and bury him in afresh sarcophagus.

Other materialss discovered in KV20:

A cornerstone deposit of Hatsheput was discovered at the entrance to the tomb which admitted fragments of funerary furniture (inscribed with the names of Ahmose-Nefertari, King Tuthmosis I, Queen Ahmose and Hatshepsut), potsherds, fragments of faience and baked bits of a statue -perhaps a guardian statue.

A shabti figure consisting to Hatshepsut in The Hague.

Related Posts:

- KV57, The Tomb Of Horemheb
- KV4 (Tomb of Ramesses XI)
- KV9 (Tomb of Ramesses V and Ramesses VI)
- KV10 (The tomb of Amenmesse)

KV10 (The tomb of Amenmesse)

KV10 (The tomb of Amenmesse), situated in the East Valley, was the burial lay of the nineteenth dynasty pharaoh Amenmesse and was 1st researched by Edward Ayrton in 1907. The tomb has been partly open as antiquity, and there are Arabic, Greek and modern dedications on the walls at the becharm to the tomb.

KV10 - cosmopolitan plan From the entrance "A" 3 corridors go down to the Hall of awaiting "B" which is without its common well shaft. The Hall of awaiting deludes to the Chariot Hall "C" a 4 pillared chamber demoing signs of considerable damage ascribable flooding, with just one of the pillars still comparatively integral. The Chariot hall has apart chamber "D" which was never finished up. The ceiling of this chamber was bottomed by the tomb of Pharaoh Ramesses III in KV11.

Plan of KV10

The corridor ahead from the Chariot Hall has a domed ceiling (the last two corridors are not demoed on the attaching to plan as it was aspirated the early 1800s). The fifth and last corridor is bare but would have chaired to the burial chamber if accomplished. Instead the corridor assisted as the burial chamber.

The tomb was primitively adorned for Amenmesse, with raised relief on the header and jambs at the entrance. The difference of the decoration was in sunk relief, carrying as far as pillared Chariot Hall, the first 2 corridors being adorned with aspects from the Litany of Re while the 3rd corridor bore evidence of aspects from the Anduat. All of this medallion was subsequently effaced and substituted with motley plaster aspects for the royal lady Takhat and Baketwerel.

KV10 (The Entrance)

The decoration of the Hall of awaiting consisted of aspects of Takhat making oblations to a number of deities. This theme was duplicated in the Chariot hall, wherever Baketwerel was depicted making the oblations The Chariot Hall was as well decorated with scenes from the Book of the Dead.

As a consequence of flooding at assorted times over the centuries almost of the wall decoration has been demolished. Three mummies were discovered within the tomb, those of 2 women and a man. They've never been described. However, fragmentizes of canopic jars and depart of a red granite sarcophagus lid, both autographed with the name of Takhat, believably indicate that at least she was entombed here.

Related Posts:

- KV17, The Tomb Of Seti I
- KV57, The Tomb Of Horemheb
- KV4 (Tomb of Ramesses XI)
- KV9 (Tomb of Ramesses V and Ramesses VI)

KV9 (Tomb of Ramesses V and Ramesses VI)

KV9 the tomb of Ramesses V and Ramesses VI was acknowledged to the Romans as the tomb of Memnon, and to the initiates of the Napoleonic Expedition as La Tombe de la Metempsychose. The earlier departs of the tomb before E are autographed for Ramesses V, without any decipher of encroachment. A wooden box fragment from the tomb and a possible wooden coffin nog from Davis's work in the Valley are the only funerary aims of king Ramesses V recognized. Everything else found in KV9 was developed for Ramesses VI. Ramesses V appears not only to have started the tomb but to have been entombed here in a bivalent burial with Ramesses VI. The date of Ramesses V's entombment (the place unluckily not specified), in Year two of his heir, is commemorated on an ostracon.

Plan of KV 57

The departs cut during the rules of both kings perhaps deemed a single entirely. The corridors are larger in breadth and height than those of Ramesses IV, but are without the stair-and-ramp conformation found in KV2. The passage H is unequaled in having a horizontal roof aggregated with a aslant floor, since here the stonemasons, abbreviating from top to bottom, had to bead the level to avoid KV12. The burial chamber itself isn't wholly ceased, evident also in the deficiency of any subsidiary rooms (although these are dropped in all succeeding royal graves) except for the abridged denotation beyond the sarcophagus hall.

Though well preserved, the colorized sunk alleviations are stylistically inferior to those of the antecedent 19th Dynasty. The decoration differs from the programme applied since the tomb of Sethos I, revealing the last major developmental modification to occur in the royal valley. A heavy stress is based on astronomical texts and representations. The god Ra inclines greater prominence, in the outer corridors the Book of Gates and the Book of Caverns substitute the Litany of Ra, and astronomical caps are found in apiece passage. The 3rd corridor and well room are decorated in as is manner, with the accession of excerpts from the Books of the Heavens, as is the first pillared hall which retains, however, the motif of the Osiris enshrine. Yet yet here the added to determine of Ra is seen. Yet even here the expanded influence of Ra is seen, therein Osiris is identified with the sun god through the accession of a solar disk and pecs. In the lower passages and antechamber, the ceilings show the Books of the Heavens and various cryptanalytic texts. The enactment walls show divisions from the Amduat; and the antechamber walls conniptions of gods and the Book of the Dead. On the walls of the burial chamber the Book of the Earth falls out for the first time, and here the astronomical ceiling aggregates images of the Books of the Heavens with the outstretched diurnal and nocturnal anatomies of the goddess Nut.

KV9, Tomb of Ramesses V and Ramesses VI

Headway of the single 'sarcophagus cavity' in the burying chamber floor by Edwin Brock in 1985 brought out that the abuts had been bring down, perhaps to conciliate the base of a granite outer sarcophagus box - no trace of which was found. The bare inner, anthropoidal sarcophagus of green accumulate had been smashed to pieces in antiquity, the better known of the fragments being the large face mask of Ramesses VI today in the British Museum; the chapeau and faces of the box were gently incised and calico with anatomies and texts first discovered in the sarcophagus Siptah - the Book of the Earth. The king may as well have had an anthropoidal inmost sarcophagus of calcite, but the fragmentises exposed by Brock are uninscribed and perhaps instrusive.

No sarcophagi are cognised for Ramesses V; any devised had possibly been arrogated by his heir. Other finds brought to light by Brock admitted pottery, fragmentises of wood and calcite shabtis - and a coin of the Emperor of Rome Maximian.

A unequaled account of a thievery from the tomb of Ramesses VI is conserved in the tomb looting document (updated) called Papyrus Mayer B. On the effrontery that this robbery actuated the visit recorded inthe graffito marked by Champollion on the ceiling of the burial chamber, Cyril Aldred indicated that the theft occurred before Year nine of Ramesses IX.

The mummies of both Pharaoh Ramesses V and Pharaoh Ramesses VI were attained in the KV35 cache in 1898. The mummy of Pharaoh Ramesses V consisted the basis of a white-painted wooden coffin and that of Ramesses VI in a alternate coffin in the first place belonging to a archpriest of Menkheperre called Ra. A fragment of wooden coffin, embellished in a similar mode to the trough of Ramesses III, was constitute with the mummy of Ramesses VI, even so, and may good have constituted part of the original burial gear. The mummy itself had apparently been accompanied to at the same time as that of Sethos II, because the right forearm and hand of this king had unknowingly been absorbed in with Ramesses VI's own gravely besmirched body.

- KV17, The Tomb Of Seti I. - KV57, The Tomb Of Horemheb.
- KV 4 (Tomb of Ramesses XI).

KV4 (Tomb of Ramesses XI)

KV4 (Tomb of Ramesses XI) in Valley of the kings: Open as antiquity (though not now) and contains Demotic, Latin, Egyptian, Greek, Coptic and French and English graffito on the walls. Applied as a workshop on the twenty-first dynasty by Pinudjesm to strip the funerary gear from KV20 KV34 and VK38. when moving the mummies. Abidance and stable in the christian period. It was used as storage room by Carter and dining hall while he processed Tut-ankh-amun’s tomb.

Plan of KV4

Absolved in 1979 by John Romber and no evidence of flooding, there's a crack between the columns and roof – believably a result of the dessication of the limestone. An ancient amend was made to the entering, with many glows in place to abide the ceiling. There are big breaks in the upper walls of the corridor and the plaster has accrued.

KV4, The Tomb of Ramesses XI

Close royal tomb to be constructed in the valley of the kings. Differently, not so agitating. Corridor aided by by a steep coming down passage with a 2d and third corridor before the ritual well (unadorned and unfinished). Came after by a pillared hall and a incline to the bare burial chamber. The pillars inside the burial chamber are rectangular, not square and the ceiling is domed.

No roadblocks in the tomb, but many swivel holes for doors. Beam inside the burial chamber (14 x 10 foot) consecutive down besides the usual sarcophagus. Only medallions are on the door between the entrance and first corridor. The first corridor, plastered in yellow, has abstracts only (in red color, so no even out the “corrected” ones).

Pinudjem amended the tomb, and it was accepted he intended to be buried here. Intrusive particulars from his restoration and hiving up were ascertained. Points let in a blue faience vs with the Horus name of Tuthmosis and Ramesses II, gilded gesso from the coffin of Thuthmosis III, funerary statues of Tuthmosis III, breaks up of the coffin of Hatshepsut, and shabtis os Ramesses IV.

Intrusive burials, also, evidenced by the remains of a twenty-second dynasty coffin and bones of 3 bodies. They were ascertained in the beam of the burial chamber. Copts as well occupied the tomb.

- KV17, The Tomb Of Seti I.
- KV57, The Tomb Of Horemheb.

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