KV2, The tomb of Ramesses IV

KV2 or The tomb of Ramesses IV Heqamaatre, is deposited in a big modern courtyard close the becharm to the Valley of the Kings and has been open as antiquity. Coptic graffiti evokes that it was reprocessed as a Christian church or abode on the fifth century AD. An ancient design of the tomb absorbed on papyrus is right away in the Turin Egyptian Museum and it's apparent of this that the original design was for a bigger tomb which was believably amended at the decease of the king. The consequences of this abbreviation were that there's no traditional pillared hall ahead the burial chamber.

Plan of KV2

The tomb's architecture is fairly distinctive of royal Ramesside style with a stairs and ramp coming to the main entrance portal site. On the outer header to the first corridor is the associate disc arresting a scarab and ram-headed god Amun, flanked from Isis and Nephthys, with a alike depiction on the southerly wall of the first lightly sloping corridor. On the antonym wall are texts of the ‘Litany of Ra’. The pharaoh’s names look between the first and 2nd corridors, as well as on the cap which is painted with flew scarabs and marauders.

KV2

The 2nd corridor brilliantly exemplifies many scenes with daemons or underworld spirits of the ‘Litany of Ra’ on it’s cream-coloured surrounds. The ceiling as well shows the equal text.

The names of the king and a winged disc look in the entrance to the 3rd corridor and the walls display, for the fist time, aspects (of the first and second part) from the ‘Book of Caverns’. There are 2 niches at the far closing of the surrounds. The star-painted ceiling of the 3rd corridor is domed and also exposes the king’s cartouches.

A lot of steeply aslant ramp leads to an antechamber "well-room" before the burying chamber. The outer header of the antechamber is adorned with flew uraei and a flew disc and the walls of the chamber describe passages of (the Book of the Dead) (on the left hand) and the ‘Negative Confession’ (on the right hand).

The sarcophagus chamber was believably originally designated to be a pillared hall which would have anteceded the real burial chamber. Since the plan was abridged, no pillars were abbreviate and a sarcophagus "pit" was buried into the floor. The monolithic red granite outer sarcophagus which was discovered in the tomb, was barged in antiquity, but has been bushelled and can be ascertained in the burial chamber. The surrounds walls of the burial chamber exemplify the first four partitions of the ‘Book of Gates’ and choices of texts from the (Amduat). The vaulted ceiling exposes astronomical aspects from the (Books of the Heavens) which puts back the further traditional texts of earliest tombs. On the southerly half, the sky-goddess Nut is abided by Shu, deity of the air and alight, with a broadcast of the decans at the side. Nut as well stretches concluded the northern face of the ceiling with other astronomics bods.

A additional corridor on the far side the burial chamber has the initial texts of the (Book of Caverns) on its surrounds walls, but this is artlessly painted. This chamber affords into three extensions. The surrounds walls in the rooms in the south and north have mummiform characterisations of the king, maybe illustrating his ushabtis, whilst the room at the close of the corridor show additional funerary objects (couch, bureaux and canopic jars).

The consistence of Ramesses IV was discovered among those royal mummies in tomb KV35.

The tomb of Ramesses IV is presently open to visitors. Tickets for the Valley of the Kings cost EGP eighty for 3 tombs and can be frequented the gate.

Related Posts:

Where was Khufu Buried
The Valley of the Kings, Tombs List
KV1, The tomb of Ramesses VII

KV1, The tomb of Ramesses VII

KV1 or The tomb of Ramesses VII Usermaatre Setepenre Meryamun can be ascertained at the becharm to the Valley of the Kings a bit way back of the road. Like a few of the other Ramesside tombs it has been afford since ancientness. The tomb experienced some refurbishment and cleanup by the SCA in 1994, and a new itinerary was assign in place.

Though KV1 is Ramesside in plan, and alike in decoration thereto of Ramesses VI, it is a much humbler tomb than those of the king’s late antecedents, belonging of just one corridor and a burying chamber.

Plan of KV1

The outer header was decorated with the traditional sundisc arresting the scarab and flanked by Isis and Nephthys beneath the pharaoh’s names. In the astray corridor, the fine caliber alleviation decoration is strange – in situ of the Litany of Ra there are 2 aspects. On the left-hand face, the king is ascertained before an altar bidding to the falcon-headed solar deity Ra-Horakhty-Atum-Khepri, and on the right ahead Ptah-Sokar-Osiris with a hymn to the deities of the Underworld.

KV1

Additional along, the initial scene and first class from the ‘Book of Gates’ (the barque of Ra being came through the Underworld) can be ascertained on the left, with the first aspects from the ‘Book of Caverns’ (the deities paying homage to the anxious sun-god) on the right. On either face the king is described as an Osiris, being distilled by the Iun-Mutef priest.

The cap of the corridor is decorated with marauders and the king’s cartouches.

The corridor leads consecutive into a sarcophagus hall without a well-room or anteroom. It's evoked that the tomb was designed in its abbreviated form since the king’s rule was belike to be abruptly. On the outer header is the common winged disc. The becharm wall exemplifies 2 goddesses; on the right a complex goddess Sekhmet-Bubastis-Wert-Hekau and on the left-hand, Wert-Hekau (Great of Magic) to each one cladding the door.

On the surrounds of the sarcophagus hall are aspects from the ‘Book of Aker’ (the double-headed lion which represents the horizon) and the (Book of the Earth). The northerly wall describes Osiris as (Chief of the Westerners). An astronomics ceiling boasts the goddess Nut debasing across the edens with the decans and configurations.

On the far side the burial chamber a belittled chamber with a corner. It’s outer walls display the king cladding the door on each face and offering to expressions of Osiris on the inner surrounds. The wall above the niche exemplifies the barque of the sun arresting baboons from the (Book of Gates) affirmed by djed-pillars on the faces of the niche.

The sarcophagus was cut direct into the floor of the tomb and over this core out was localised a monolithic stone addressing, decorated with the common engraved anatomies of Isis, Nephthys, Selkis and the 4 Sons of Horus. This is allay in situ, with an affording at its foot wherever the body of the pharaoh was absented. The mummy of Ramesses VII hasn't yet been discovered.

The grave of Ramesses VII is presently open to visitors. Fines for the King’s Valley cost EGP 80 for 3 tombs and can be frequented the gate.

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Bakare (Bikka)

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The Valley of the Kings, Tombs List

The Valley of the Kings, Tombs List

The Valley of the Kings was the royal burial ground for 62 Pharaohs, and is placed on the west bank at Luxor. The only becharm to this position was a long narrow curving way. This was a secret localise, wherever sentries were laid at the entrance of the Valley, also as along the top of the hills, in the desires of admonishing tomb robbers, who had in the past despoiled all royal tombs, letting in the treasures of the Pyramids. Some larcenies were believably carefully planned, but other larcenies were gad of the moment, as when an earliest tomb was by chance discovered while abbreviating a new one and workmen capitalised of the opportunity. This may have befell when KV 46 was discovered during the abbreviating of KV 4 or KV 3 contiguous. The tombs in the Valley ambit from a simple mark (e.g. KV 54), to a tomb with over 121 corridors and chambers (KV 5).

The Valley of the Kings Tombs:

KV 1
Possessor: Ramesses VII
Dynasty: 20

KV 2
Possessor: Ramesses IV
Dynasty: 20

KV 3
Possessor: Constructed for a son of Ramesses III
Dynasty: 20

KV 4
Possessor: Ramesses XI
Dynasty: 20

KV 5
Possessor: Sons of Ramesses II
Dynasty: 19

KV 6
Possessor: Ramesses IX
Dynasty: 20

KV 7
Possessor: Ramesses II
Dynasty: 19

KV 8
Possessor: Merenptah
Dynasty: 19

KV 9
Possessor: Ramesses V/VI
Dynasty: 20

KV 10
Possessor: Amenmeses
Dynasty: 19

KV 11
Possessor: Ramesses III
Dynasty: 20

KV 12
Possessor: Unnamed
Dynasty: 18

KV 13
Possessor: Bay
Dynasty: 19

KV 14
Possessor: Tausert / Setnakht
Dynasty: 19

KV 15
Possessor: Seti II
Dynasty: 19

KV 16
Possessor: Ramesses I
Dynasty: 19

KV 17
Possessor: Seti I
Dynasty: 19

KV 18
Possessor: Ramesses X
Dynasty: 20

KV 19
Possessor: Mentuherkhepshef
Dynasty: 20

KV 20
Possessor: Thutmoses I / Hatshepsut
Dynasty: 18

KV 21
Possessor: Unnamed
Dynasty: 18

WV 22
Possessor: Amenhotep III
Dynasty: 18

WV 23
Possessor: Ay
Dynasty: 18

WV 24
Possessor: Unnamed
Dynasty: 18

WV 25
Possessor: Unnamed
Dynasty: 18

KV 26
Possessor: Unnamed
Dynasty: 18

KV 27
Possessor: Unnamed
Dynasty: 18

KV 28
Possessor: Unnamed
Dynasty: 18

KV 29
Possessor: Unnamed
Dynasty: 18

KV 30
Possessor: Unnamed
Dynasty: 18

KV 31
Possessor: Unnamed
Dynasty: 18

KV 32
Possessor: Unnamed
Dynasty: 18

KV 33
Possessor: Unnamed
Dynasty: 18

KV 34
Possessor: Tuthmosis III
Dynasty: 18

KV 35
Possessor: Amenhotep II
Dynasty: 18

KV 36
Possessor: Maiherperi
Dynasty: 18

KV 37
Possessor: Unnamed
Dynasty: 18

KV 38
Possessor: Tuthmosis I
Dynasty: 18

KV 39
Possessor: Unnamed
Dynasty: 18

KV 40
Possessor: Unnamed
Dynasty: 18

KV 41
Possessor: Unnamed
Dynasty: 18

KV 42
Possessor: Unnamed
Dynasty: 18

KV 43
Possessor: Tuthmosis IV
Dynasty: 18

KV 44
Possessor: Unnamed
Dynasty: 18

KV 45
Possessor: Unnamed
Dynasty: 18

KV 46
Possessor: Yuya and Thuya
Dynasty: 18

KV 47
Possessor: Siptah
Dynasty: 19

KV 48
Possessor: Amenemopet
Dynasty: 18

KV 49
Possessor: Unnamed
Dynasty: 18

KV 50
Possessor: Unnamed
Dynasty: 18

KV 51
Possessor: Unnamed
Dynasty: 18

KV 52
Possessor: Unnamed
Dynasty: 18

KV 53
Possessor: Unnamed
Dynasty: 18

KV 54
Possessor: Unnamed
Dynasty: 18

KV 55
Possessor: Amarna Cache
Dynasty: 18

KV 56
Possessor: Unnamed
Dynasty: 18

KV 57
Possessor: Horemheb
Dynasty: 18

KV 58
Possessor: Unnamed
Dynasty: 18

KV 59
Possessor: Unnamed
Dynasty: 18

KV 60
Possessor: Unnamed
Dynasty: 18

KV 61
Possessor: Unnamed
Dynasty: 18

KV 62
Possessor: Tutankhamun
Dynasty: 18

Related Posts:

Ramses II Tomb (KV 7)
Khufu Tomb
The Tomb of Thutmose III (KV34)