Khafra (2558 - 2532 B.C.)

King Khafra, another son of king Khufu, succeeded his brother to the throne and built his mortuary complex at Giza Egypt.

Under the 4th Dynasty, Egyptian civilization reached a peak in its development, and this high level was generally maintained in the 5th and 6th dynasties The splendor of the engineering feats of the pyramids was approximated in every other field of endeavor, including architecture, sculpture, paintmg navigation, the industrial arts and sciences, and astronomy; Memphite astronomers first created a solar calendar based on a year of 365 days- Old Kingdom physicians also displayed a remarkable knowledge of physiology, surgery, the circulatory system of the body, and antiseptics.

The pyramid of king Khafra:

The pharaoh called Khafre (pyramid 143.50 meters high = 3157.000000 twelfths of a cubit = 3157 months) lived 263 years and 1 month.

The pyramids of Khafra and Menkara were built on a different plan inside to that of Khûfû. Khafra's had two entrances, both to the north, one from the platform before the pyramid, the other fifty feet above the ground. king Menkara's still preserves the remains of its casing of red granite. The entrance passage descends at an angle of twenty-six degrees, and soon runs into the rock.

The first chamber is decorated with panels sculptured in the stone, and was closed at the further end by three portcullises of granite. The second chamber appears to be unfinished, but this was a trap to deceive the spoilers. A passage cut in the floor, and carefully hidden, gave access to a lower chamber. There lay the mummy in a sarcophagus of sculptured basalt. The sarcophagus was still perfect at the beginning of this century. Removed thence by Colonel Howard Vyse, it foundered on the Spanish coast with the ship which was bearing it to England.

The Sphinx:

The Sphinx: a huge, limestone statue that stands about 66 feet [20 meters] high and stretches 240 feet [73 meters]. It is actually called the “Great Sphinx,” and it wears an ancient Egyptian royal headdress. The Great Sphinx lies near the tomb/pyramid of the ancient Egyptian pharaoh King Khafre. Historians believe King Khafra had the monument built and its face is actually a portrait of the king.

How to travel to the pyramid of Khafra?

If you are in a direct holidays to Egypt vacation, and then you are in Cairo you can travel there bye any Taxi, car or by Metro. But if you are in Luxor or Aswan Egypt you can go to Giza where the pyramid found by air or by train.

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