Grand Gilded Sphinx Statue Atop a Egyptian Plinth
Grand Gilded Sphinx Statue atop a Egyptian Plinth

The Spirit of Tutankhamen: Egyptian Oval Mirror Wall Sculpture
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Egyptian Torch Offering Table Lamp - Set of Two
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Temple of Luxor: Grand-Scale Egyptian Urn Statue
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Wings of Isis Egyptian Revival Sculptural ClockTemple of Luxor: Grand-Scale Egyptian Urn Statue

King Semerkhet

King Semerkhet ruled 18 years according to Manetho Africanus, and Piccione put the years between 2897 and 2889 to his reign.

Semerkhet was the 6th king of the first Dynasty. He was the son of Queen Betrest and her wife King Adjib, and for unknown causes, just reigned for 8 years. Egyptologists discovered identical little, keep for a black stela with Semerkhet's name cut up on it.

King Semerkhet was the 5th regent in the 1st dynasty, and he had he brusquest time on the throne, 8 and a half years. We recognize this for a fact because his accomplished reign is certificated on the Cairo Stone in the Egyptian Museum. Unfortunately the entries from every year are only about ceremonials of unlike sorts and don't record any historical consequences.

Theories about his authenticity to kingship proposing that he was an supplanter has been bring up by scholars because he had the use of reprocessing his predecessor's goods. At the cemetery at Abydos aims from King Anedjib age (and grave) was discovered in Semerkhet's where he had effaced the original name and superseded it with his own. In a varnish from his heir his name is composed in the line with the other kings, apprisal that he was recognized as a pharaoh leastwise by his follower, who was his son.

A year mark from Semerkhet reign was discovered in his follower's tomb at the re-excavation in the mid 1990 brought in by the [German Institute of Archaeology] in Cairo.

Semerkhet's tomb in Abydos displays a new boast: retainers' tombs attached at once to the thick walls of his own, and a door bewitch rather so a staircase conducing to the tomb chamber. This entails that the all building was bred by the same superstructure, arguing that the considerations were buried at the like time, and thus credibly sacrificed to the accolade of their headmaster.

Amongst the extending good was discovered ten vessels spelt from Palestine when it was dug up by English Egyptologist Petrie in 1901. The extraneous trade was conserved during his rule, but never accomplish the height it had on the middle of the dynasty. The only aim of content to have endured from Semerkhet's rule is a black granite funeral stela ascertained by his tomb in 1898. It had primitively consisted to a pair raised external his monument, a custom from the very commencing of the dynasty.

King Semerkhet is the first king who doesn't have a mastaba tomb from his time at North Saqqara, and it's expected that his high officials endured his short rule and kept serving the following monarch. Leastwise one of them is cognised by his nominate "minister Henuka".

Recent Posts:

* Scorpion I
* Scorpion II
* King Anendjib

King Anendjib

King Anendjib ruled about 26 years from 2949 to 2897.

Anedjib was the 5th king on the first dynasty. Anendjib held Memphis as his capitol city passim his fourteen years of reign. Anedjib's crown acquitted the symbols of both Upper and Lower Egypt, a histrionics of the conjugation of the country under his power. Historians, even so, incertitude that Anedjib actually ascertained the north, due to the fact that the northerly Nomes arose against him perpetually throughout his rule. His wife Queen Betrest was the mother of King Semerkhet, who was his heir. The queen allowed Anedjib with authenticity and power as she was a descendent from the Memphite royalty.

Anedjib is a ruler that not so much is acknowledged about. He was as well named Enezib and Merbiapen and reigned from Memphis. Concording to Manetho (Af.) who called him Miebidos, his rule was twenty-six years. He could have bear on power by union to queen Betrest of the Memphite royal family and in this encase he wasn't son of king Den. A dispute between the Lower Egyptian classes and the south appears to have been impermanent solved by Anedjib whose name is the first of totally kings in the Sakkara list. Perhaps he was the first king not to be forthwith related the Thinis line of pharaohs. Yet the theory that he was an supplanter (or his heir was) and was not accredited by all his generation, has some essence, because his memorials were advisedly outraged by his contiguous follower on the throne. His name in a serek has been deleted and the new king's put there alternatively in a lot stone vessels found at Saqqara.

Rather than there his name has just been discovered in two other locates in Egypt: Abydos and Helwan, and away its borders perhaps at En Besor in southern Palestine.

At Saqqara a big mastaba, credibly for his prime minister, brought out a new architectural building within when it was apprehended out in the 1950s. In counterpoint his possess tomb in Abydos was a blunt small building (image right) so were the courses of 64 satellite tombs. This high up number assures that though is rule appears to have been a step backward for the country in general (home conflict?) the king's power all over the common man* was unploughed.

The engrave chamber even held divisions of the wooden floor after 4.500 years.

Maybe attempting to constitute himself as the true king boilersuit Egypt he assumed a new entitle [The Two Lords]. He thereby credibly underlined his chore not put anybody in favour of the of the deities Horus and Set whose assistants obviously had dissevered the country spiritually and made more or less social disquiet and political imbalance. This carried on well in to, and even to the end of the next dynasty. His power all over the south was disputed by local folks and the northern nomes were frequently disaffected.

Many stone targets have shown that the habit of building statues of the pharaoh had already started. They describe king Anedjib as a statue assuming various apparels, and these likely stood in another temples.

Recent Posts:

* King Crocodile
* King Lion
* Scorpion I
* Scorpion II

Scorpion II

Appoint some of the times displayed as Selq, just it is not displayed in a serekh, as other pharaohs of the era were shown.

The activeness movie The Scorpion King, asterisking The Rock, is fancy, naturally; but there's so rather a bit of valid certify for an Egyptian king who's generally named [Scorpion], established on the delineation of a scorpion mark with his portrayal on a macehead. The person depicted is a king, posted on the demonstration of the figure with the White Crown of Upper Egypt and the sizing of the anatomy towering over consultants and attenders. Of course, the macehead is only a fragment, and there is some dispute over whether the sign of the Scorpion is entailed as a name, or if the king is another early dynastic king and the scorpion mark is some sort of title or has some other entailing.

There's a big, many-roomed tomb in Abydos (B50) that has been described as dwelling to the “Scorpion Pharaoh”, while no absolute evidence has been discovered.

A late article in the New York Times has deposited that the Scorpion Pharaoh engaged war against Naqada (the most former Egyptian culture) about 3250 BCE. This is established on a series of insriptions named the Scorpion Tableau.

The heaviest thing about accommodating the existence of a maybe mythic [Scorpion King] is that his name doesn't seem in a serekh – a stylised pre-cartouche cleared by a falcon – as do the names of the other pharaohs of predynastic period and I. Generally, these early kings were acknowledged only by their “Horus Name”, a formalistic king-name that was exposed in the serekh. But these real early kings frequently were recognized only by a single signifier, [Crocodile, Scorpion, Falcon, Bull]. Even the long-familiar Narmer was called 'Catfis'.

It has been recommended that Scorpion may have been a conclusion contemporary of Narmer, founded on the similiatires of the maceheads and palette ascribed to them. Scorpion was calculated to come from Hierakonpolis, a contending city to This, which bred the 1st dynasty Pharaohs. AT the time, they might have been the bag cities for contending bosses.

Some serekhs have been discovered on pottery and vases that are construed by some as being Scorpion. Yet, these have likewise been record as beonging to other Pharaohs (Aha and still Crocodile) and it's potential that these marks don't even defend the Pharaohs totally.

He could have come from the royal family of Hierakonpolis, besides from This, the ancestry city of the Thinite dynasty from wherefrom came his later heir Narmer, the Pharaoh Catfish. Maybe This and Hierakonpolis each were the centres of equal chiefdoms, and when Scorpion’s rule finished, This acquired an uncontested attitude as autonomous of Egypt. Maybe Narmer was the first king who in reality ruled undisputed throughout the country. Founded on Scorpion’s evident association with Hierakonpolis and from the stylistic similarities between his macehead and the palette and macehead ascribed to Narmer, the 2 rulers might good have been close coevals.

Mace heads were discovered in the 1980s in the Main depository inside the old temple of Heirakonpolis. The macehead indicates the king with the white crown. It has been translate to show a mark of a scorpion ahead of the ruler, though this is a originative recording of the macehead. A crocodile’s tail attending down may rather link this macehead with a former ruler.

It is imaginable that this king and the tomb purportedly consisting to Scorpion I are for the same man, besides an earlier person with the equal name.

Previous Posts:

- King Ka
- King Crocodile
- King Lion
- Scorpion I

King Crocodile

Acknowledged from only some remains, generally a cylinder seal discovered in Tarkhan, hollowed in 1912. The motive is water-waves and crocodiles, though not a conventional name.

King Crocodile Perhaps a ruler of a single state in Egypt, the sixth, with the Crocodiile as its symbolisation. Maybe a present-day with Narmer

His tomb didn't discovered at Abydos.

Previous Posts:

* King Djer
* King Mernieth
* King Den (Udimu)
* King Sekhen
* King Iry-Hor/Ro
* King Ka

King Iry-Hor/Ro

Primitively his name was record as Ro. The recording of the name is confutable, the mark of the falcon "hor" over the mark of a mouth "iry". Petrie represented this as Ro (the mouth mark just), as no early king has the name of the falcon "hor" engrafted in his name.

King Iry-Hor/Ro ruled around 3100 BCE, he entombed at Abydos.

Iry-Hor/Ro is the oldest king recognized by name. Tomb unearthed in 1902 by Flinders Petrie. Late diggings discovered seal beliefs and potsherds with his name. In the tomb were likewise discovered details with the names Narmer and Ka, proposing that it was reopened and later offers bestowed.

Atteszted to from the jars with the falcon-mouth sigil. Could not have been a king in the least, as the name never comes in a serekh or in connexion with marks arguing kingship. The falcon-mouth sign might be the mark of the royal treasury or additional office. Even so, the size and emplacement of the tomb suggestthat Iry-Hor/Ro was a territorial king.

Previous Posts:

* King Den (Udimu)
* King Sekhen

King Den (Udimu)

King Den’s names, Den, Udimu, Nebti Khasti, Usaphiados. In the Turin king list Den’s is Semti, but Manetho called him Hesepti.

Horus name of King Den

King Den was the 4th king on the first Dynasty. Since the king revived power in Egypt as an baby, Queen Merenith was constituted as his political consultant, which basically meant that she reined Egypt till he was able doing so himself. Den reigned Egypt for about 50 years subsequently Wadj. He was an gumptious and acrobatic person, and was artistic also. He anatomies in the Ebers papyrus as well as the Berlin medical Egyptian Papyrus. Den was militarily actibe in the Sinai Peninsula, which was absolved by his concern in protecting the mineral imaginations of the peninsula. His mortuary composite was constitutional the ancient city of Abydos, but his body was entombed at Sakkara.

When Den was old sufficiency to attend of office of his mother, he got a avid leader. He had a hearty length of reign, likely much longer so the twenty years he is afforded by Manetho. Many affairs resting of him is discovered from everyplace in Egypt, and he is by far the best attested of all kings from the 1st dynasty. His name was barely enounced "Den" the way he is commonly called, and other names were Semti, Udimu. Zemti was imported by a the hieroglyphic bless for high desert or foreign land, credibly to immortalize his efforts attaining military campaign against people at the northeast surround as well as the desert mountains in the eastern River Nile Valley. One of these military campaign* is described on a famous ivory mark, today in British Museum.

King Den had a prosperous time on the throne and art and economy seem to have flourished. Many innovations saw the daylight during his reign and he adopted the double crown to underline his dual kingship over the two countries.

King Den's tomb at the royal burial site at Abydos an average square memorial, but had a new feature in cast of a very long broad stairs leading instantly to the tomb chamber. This new architectural designing was rapidly adoptive in the private tomb sphere as well as the coming kings.

He is told to have ameliorated the brass, and on the Palermo Stone is commemorated that he had a nose count" of whole people of the north west and east" occurring in the country, apparently to see how many bailiwicks he was reigning, and could make give taxes.

Around thirty great mastabas from his reign period were established by officials from Saqqara and upward north to Abu Roash. This was far more on the rules of his predecessors who just had a few constructed on their time on the throne.

A singular seal impression from Abydos appearances the king as gold statues, when accomplishing ritual actions like harpooning a hippo.

King Den’s Tomb:

Tomb at abydos applies a lot granite, 136 accessory burials. It is bordered by a brick wall. Firstly a stairwell was amplified the burial chamber, which is 23.77 meter heights. There are two parts of stairway were apart by a wooden door. Likewise there are jar seailings and twenty ebony and ivory catchers commemorating the Den’s reign.


* Userkaf (2498-2491)
* King Djer
* King Mernieth

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